Can concussions lead to long-term brain damage?

Repeated concussions can potentially lead to a condition called chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), which is associated with long-term neurological problems like memory loss, confusion, personality changes, and problems with speech and gait. It’s also linked to an increased risk of other neurological disorders, like Parkinson’s disease. That said, most single concussions do not cause permanent brain damage if properly managed and enough recovery time is allowed before returning to high-risk activities.

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